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Density

Density is not a fixed a value, because it strongly depends on external influences, for example temperature (T) or pressure (P). There are also compound substances with varying ingredients, such as crude oil or honey. Gases also have a strongly varying density. For all these reasons it is important to be aware of the standard conditions for the different densities. For compound substances, there is only an average.

 

Solid Substances (T = 25°C, P = 1,013 hPa) 

 

Substance

Density [ kg/m^3 ]

Substance

Density [ kg/m^3 ]

Styrofoam

20 - 60

Concrete

1,800 - 2,450

Cork

150 - 500

Aluminium

2,710

Potassium

680

Chrome

7,200

Inkjet paper

800

Iron

7,860

Paraffin

860 - 930

Brass

8,100 - 8,700

Wax

900 - 980

Copper

8,940

Ice (0°C)

917

Silver

10,490

Acyrlic glass

1,190

Lead

11,340

Black coal

1,350

Uranium

19,050

Magnesium

1,733

Gold

19,302

 

Liquid Substances (T = 25°C, P = 1,013 hPa)

 

Substance

Density [ kg /m^3 ]

Substance

Density [ kg/m^3 ]

Benzine

750 (average)

Salt water

1,025 (average)

Ethanol

789

Milk

1,030 (average)

Aceton

790

Acetic acid

1,049

Methanol

790

Glycerine

1,260

Petroleum

800

Milk chocolate

1,280 (average)

Diesel

830

Honey

1,400 (average)

Crude oil

860 (average)

Nitric acid

1,512

Benzol

879

Sulfuric acid

1,834

Olive oil

910 (average)

Bromine

3,119

Pure water (4°C)

1,000

Mercury (0°C)

13,595

 

Gaseous Substances (Dry gases, T = 0°C, P = 1,013 hPa)

 

Substance

Density [ kg/m^3 ]

Substance

Density [ kg/m^3 ]

Hydrogen

9

Oxygen

1,429

Helium

178

Fluorine

1,695

Methane

717

Argon

1,784

Ammonia

771

Carbon dioxide

1,977

Neon

840

Propane

2,019

Steam

880

Ozone

2,220

Acetylene

1,171

Sulfuric dioxide

2,926

Air (20°C)

1,293

Chlorine

3,119

Carbon monoxide

1,250

Krypton

3,479

Nitrogene

1,251

Xenon

5,897

 

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