Image courtesy of Mihai Illuta. Ajax model courtesy of Jotero
IES and EULUMDAT emitters
IES and Eulumdat files are commonly used to mimic lighting fixtures, using the lighting information files provided by manufacturers. They are handy because they can easily imitate the complex lighting effects produced by certain specific fixtures, without having to model the lamp itself. However, they must be used with care because they can sometimes produce physically incorrect results.
Both formats contain the luminous intensity at any angle, measured in laboratory using light sensors located all over a spherical dome around the light source, pointing to the center of the dome so that the data capture method considers all lamps as point sources. This means that with these formats, the physical correctness of the result is highly dependent on the geometry you apply the IES/ Eulumdat files to.
You can use IES/EULUMDAT emitters with any type of geometry but for the most predictable results it is recommended you apply it on a small sphere. The intensity of the .IES/.EULUMDAT light itself is already specified in the file - normally you shouldn't need to change it for realistic results. But you can adjust the intensity if you wish using the Intensity parameter which acts as a multiplier for the built-in intensity of the .IES/EULUMDAT file. You can also change the intensity using Multilight, but keep in mind that Color Multilight is not compatible with this type of emitters.
The Maxwell installation comes with a large collection of IES and Eulumdat files, and you can easily get more from lighting manufacturers or on the internet. They can be found in the Maxwell installation folder, under the "ies" subfolder.
EULUMDAT emission. The "preview_ies" preview scene is provided to help you visualize the emission shape